The DIC function calculates the Deviance Information Criterion given the MCMC chains from an estimateMRH routine, using the formula: DIC = . 5*var(D)+mean(D), where D is the chain of -2*log(L), calculated at each retained iteration of the MCMC routine.

Table of Contents

## How do you calculate deviance information criterion?

The DIC function calculates the Deviance Information Criterion given the MCMC chains from an estimateMRH routine, using the formula: DIC = . 5*var(D)+mean(D), where D is the chain of -2*log(L), calculated at each retained iteration of the MCMC routine.

**What is DIC stats?**

DIC (Deviance Information Criterion) is a Bayesian method for model comparison that WinBUGS can calculate for many models.

### What does a negative DIC mean?

DIC can also be negative but this is not a problem. DIC is only a relative measure : lower values better. DIC difference of at least 2 – 3 are need for a better. model (i.e. model 1: DIC= 124.0 ; model 2: DIC= 120.0. means that model 2 is preferred)

**What is DIC MCMC?**

The deviance information criterion (DIC) is a hierarchical modeling generalization of the Akaike information criterion (AIC). It is particularly useful in Bayesian model selection problems where the posterior distributions of the models have been obtained by Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation.

## What is a good AIC score?

The AIC function is 2K – 2(log-likelihood). Lower AIC values indicate a better-fit model, and a model with a delta-AIC (the difference between the two AIC values being compared) of more than -2 is considered significantly better than the model it is being compared to.

**Is a higher or lower BIC better?**

As complexity of the model increases, bic value increases and as likelihood increases, bic decreases. So, lower is better. This definition is same as the formula on related the wikipedia page.

### Do you want low or high AIC?

**What is the meaning of parsimoniously?**

frugal

Definition of parsimonious 1 : exhibiting or marked by parsimony especially : frugal to the point of stinginess. 2 : sparing, restrained.

## What is the deviance information criterion?

Deviance information criterion. The deviance information criterion (DIC) is a hierarchical modeling generalization of the Akaike information criterion (AIC). It is particularly useful in Bayesian model selection problems where the posterior distributions of the models have been obtained by Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation.

**What is the deviance information criterion for Bayesian multiple QTL mapping?**

The deviance information criterion (DIC) is the most popular criterion for Bayesian model selection and model comparison but has not been applied to Bayesian multiple QTL mapping.

### What is the effect of the number of parameters on deviance?

The larger the effective number of parameters is, the easier it is for the model to fit the data, and so the deviance needs to be penalized. The deviance information criterion is calculated as

**How do you calculate the deviance of a model?**

Define the deviance as D ( θ ) = − 2 log ( p ( y | θ ) ) + C {displaystyle D(theta )=-2log(p(y|theta ))+C,} , where y {displaystyle y} are the data, θ {displaystyle theta } are the unknown parameters of the model and p ( y | θ ) {displaystyle p(y|theta )} is the likelihood function.