How do you master vinyl records?

How to Master for Vinyl

How do you master vinyl records?

How to Master for Vinyl

  1. Using a mid-side equalizer, attenuate the side image up to 150Hz.
  2. Using this same equalizer, subtly attenuate sibilance-based frequencies.
  3. Use compression to control any excessive dynamics.
  4. Gently introduce low-level compression.
  5. Avoid any psychoacoustic stereo-imaging.

How loud should I master for vinyl?

A quieter, more dynamic master will work in your favor. The cutting engineer can still give you a loud cut, but allowing to control that loudness is essential to creating a good record. We recommend a level of -10 to -12 db RMS and leave a few decibels of headroom.

Is vinyl mastering necessary?

Summary. The short version is – there’s no requirement to get a separate vinyl master done, but it’s an option if you’d like to. The main advantage will be to get a cleaner, more “dynamic” sound – but a separate master is only mandatory if your CD master is “loudness war” loud.

How much does mastering for vinyl cost?

Vinyl mastering — $59/track While including everything from our Full album Mastering, mastering for vinyl employs special techniques to guarantee your album will translate well to the medium.

What is vinyl mastering?

Mastering for vinyl is the process of creating a separate master that can be cut into a vinyl record without added unwanted distortion. It consists of a mono stereo image up to 150Hz, a tamed high end, and if needed, a track listing that is consistent with the frequency limitations of record cutting.

What is a vinyl pre master?

Vinyl pre-mastering is a key step in optimising your audio files to obtain the best possible cut. A pre-master is created with minimal processing, leaving the rest of the mastering to the cutting engineers who have the experience and knowledge to achieve a great sounding cut every time.

What DB should final mastering?

How loud should your master be? Shoot for about -23 LUFS for a mix, or -6db on an analog meter. For mastering, -14 LUFS is the best level for streaming, as it will fit the loudness targets for the majority of streaming sources. With these targets, you’re good to go!

Do digital masters sound good on vinyl?

Often masters for digital are accepted by the vinyl pressing plant, as they are technically OK to press on vinyl, but the end result could be disappointing sound quality which may sound less vibrant than the same masters listened to on digital streaming platforms like Spotify or a CD.

How much should I charge for mixing and mastering?

The average cost for professional mixing and mastering services varies from $150 to $700 per song to receive a good quality product. When working with top-producers, the pricing can get into the $1,000’s. But, with any other studio, you can still obtain a radio-worthy product with a budget of $200 per song.

How is a master record made?

Recordings are made in a sound studio, where engineered monitor and manipulate the sound using highly technical sound recording equipment. Once the sound is recorded on magnetic tape, a master disc is made of aluminum coated with soft black lacquer and called a lacquer.

How do I make a pre-master?

Here’s the easy five step guide to a perfect pre-master:

  1. Reference your mix. When is a mix really finished?
  2. Leave headroom. The mastering process needs some room left in your audio file to work properly.
  3. Address your master bus.
  4. Check your edits.
  5. Bounce a high quality file.
  6. Take a deep breath.

Which studio is the best for mastering?

Here’s the worlds 13 best mastering studios: 1 Sterling Sound. 2 Howie Weinberg Mastering. 3 The Exchange. 4 Gateway Mastering. 5 Abbey Road Studio. 6 Bernie Grundman Mastering. 7 Georgetown Mastering. 8 Masterdisk. 9 Dubplates. 10 Dave Collins and A&M Mastering.

What is the role of an audio mastering engineer?

From the invention of the vinyl LP, to the dawn of the form-less mp3, music listening formats have been in constant flux. Audio mastering has transformed over time. As a result the mastering engineer’s role has also largely evolved. Morphing from technical specialist to a much more broad and influential role: the gatekeeper of great sound.

Should you use LFX when mastering vinyl?

Nowadays, engineers have access to more digital options when mastering for vinyl. There needs to be absolute care when applying LFX. It can significantly alter the sound when not used properly. LFX typically has crossover settings from 20 Hz all the way to 700 Hz. Setting LFX to 100 Hz is already considered excessive by many vinyl cutters.

What is the difference between mixing and mastering?

The tools themselves aren’t that different between mixing and mastering, but how you engage with them is. Mixing and mastering are two different workflows, something mightily apparent when you consider Neutron and Ozone. There is a noted difference in scale between measurements, and in how the tools are laid out.