What are the page factory annotations?

In Page Factory, Annotations are used to give descriptive names for WebElements to improve code readability. And annotation @FindBy is used to identify Web Elements in the page.

What are the page factory annotations?

In Page Factory, Annotations are used to give descriptive names for WebElements to improve code readability. And annotation @FindBy is used to identify Web Elements in the page.

What is @FindBy annotation in Selenium?

The @FindBy annotation is used in Page Objects in Selenium tests to specify the object location strategy for a WebElement or a list of WebElements. Using the PageFactory, these WebElements are usually initialized when a Page Object is created.

What is the use of @FindBy annotation?

Annotation Type FindBy Used to mark a field on a Page Object to indicate an alternative mechanism for locating the element or a list of elements. Used in conjunction with PageFactory this allows users to quickly and easily create PageObjects. It can be used on a types as well, but will not be processed by default.

How does Selenium WebDriver handle null pointer exception?

NullPointerException is thrown when a reference variable is accessed (or de-referenced) and is not pointing to any object. This error can be resolved by using a try-catch block or an if-else condition to check if a reference variable is null before dereferencing it.

What is Page object and page Factory model?

Page Object is a class that represents a web page and hold the functionality and members. Page Factory is a way to initialize the web elements you want to interact with within the page object when you create an instance of it.

What is Page Factory method?

Page Factory is a class provided by Selenium WebDriver to support Page Object Design patterns. In Page Factory, testers use @FindBy annotation. The initElements method is used to initialize web elements. @FindBy: An annotation used in Page Factory to locate and declare web elements using different locators.

What is difference between @FindBy and findElement?

FindBy will look for the element only when it is used while findElement will look for an element as soon as you call it. FindBy supports lazy initialization while findElement() and findElements does not.

What is PageFactory and FindBy What is the use of these?

Page Factory is a class provided by Selenium WebDriver to support Page Object Design patterns. In Page Factory, testers use @FindBy annotation. The initElements method is used to initialize web elements. Similarly, one can use @FindBy with different location strategies to find web elements and perform actions on them.

What is Page Factory?

How do I debug a NullPointerException?

Run in debug mode and place a breakpoint as it enters the gamevariables method. Check every object has been initialised before being used. If this is a regularly called method then it might be better to first run it and allow it to crash, thus letting you identify the line where it throws the exception.

Which is best page object model or page Factory?

Selenium WebDriver provides a class called PageFactory which helps to assist Page Object of Design patterns….Difference between POM and PageFactory :

S.No. POM PageFactory
4. ‘By’ annotation is used to define page objects. It uses annotation ‘FindBy’ to describe page objects.