What did the Equal Pay Act of 1963 do?

To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Equal Pay Act of 1963.”

What did the Equal Pay Act of 1963 do?

To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Equal Pay Act of 1963.”

Does equal pay apply to same gender?

As set out in the Equality Act 2010, men and women in the same employment performing equal work must receive equal pay, unless any difference in pay can be justified. It is the law and employers must follow it.

When did the gender pay gap begin?

After hovering at about 60 percent since the mid-1950s, the ratio of women’s to men’s median pay began to rise in the late 1970s and reached about 70 percent by 1990.

Why is gender pay equality important?

Women sustain the American economy. On average, women account for 83% of all U.S. spending among consumers. When people receive less pay, their spending power is limited. When people have fair pay, they are more likely to pass this gain on to the economy, stimulating economic growth.

What is the difference between gender pay gap and equal pay?

The gender pay gap measures the difference between men and women’s average pay. Equal pay, on the other hand, is the legal obligation under the Equality Act 2010 that requires employers to give men and women equal pay if they are employed to do like work.

What did the Equal Pay Act 1970 do?

The Equal Pay Act 1970 gives an individual a right to the same contractual pay and benefits as a person of the opposite sex in the same employment, where the man and the woman are doing: like work; or. work rated as equivalent under an analytical job evaluation study; or. work that is proved to be of equal value.

What is the difference between male and female wages?

1. Women earn 82 cents for every dollar a man earns. According to Bureau of Labor Statistics data, in 2020, women’s annual earnings were 82.3% of men’s, and the gap is even wider for many women of color.

What is the difference between pay equity and Equal Pay for Equal Work?

Pay equity compares the value and pay of different jobs, such as nurse and electrician. ​Equal pay compares the pay of similar jobs.

What does the Equal Pay Act of 1963 guarantee?

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 applies to both men and women and prohibits using different wage scales for a men and women performing a job that is essentially the identical to what the opposite gender is being asked to do.

What was Equal Pay Act intended to do?

To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Equal Pay Act of 1963.”

What is the summary of the Equal Pay Act?

– Work in the same place – Are doing the same work in similar work conditions – Do not receive the same pay (unequal pay) – The unequal pay is be based on gender – Are covered employees as determined under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

What is the purpose of the Equal Pay Act?

also prohibits race-,or ethnicity-based wage differences;

  • eliminates the requirement that the jobs that are compared must be located at the same establishment;
  • replaces a comparison of “equal” work with a comparison of “substantially similar” work;
  • makes it more difficult for employers to justify unequal pay based on sex,race,or ethnicity;