# What flows through a transistor?

We know that in transistors and diodes, electric current is carried by both free electrons and holes. Free electrons and holes travel in opposite directions. For example, if free electrons flow from left to right then the holes will flow from right to left.

## What flows through a transistor?

We know that in transistors and diodes, electric current is carried by both free electrons and holes. Free electrons and holes travel in opposite directions. For example, if free electrons flow from left to right then the holes will flow from right to left.

## What is transistor easy way?

A transistor is a device that regulates current or voltage flow and acts as a switch or gate for electronic signals. Transistors consist of three layers of a semiconductor material, each capable of carrying a current.

How does the base current flow in transistor?

Cut-off — The transistor acts like an open circuit. No current flows from collector to emitter. Active — The current from collector to emitter is proportional to the current flowing into the base. Reverse-Active — Like active mode, the current is proportional to the base current, but it flows in reverse.

How transistor works as a switch?

The transistor operates as a Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) solid state switch. When a zero input signal applied to the base of the transistor, it acts as an open switch. If a positive signal applied at the input terminal then it acts like a closed switch.

### What is the role of transistor in circuit?

transistor, semiconductor device for amplifying, controlling, and generating electrical signals. Transistors are the active components of integrated circuits, or “microchips,” which often contain billions of these minuscule devices etched into their shiny surfaces.

### How can a transistor be used in a circuit?

With a zero signal applied to the Base of the transistor it turns “OFF” acting like an open switch and zero collector current flows. With a positive signal applied to the Base of the transistor it turns “ON” acting like a closed switch and maximum circuit current flows through the device.

Why is transistor used?

What are the 3 parts of a transistor?

There are typically three electrical leads in a transistor, called the emitter, the collector, and the base—or, in modern switching applications, the source, the drain, and the gate.

#### What is saturation point in transistor?

Saturation is the on mode of a transistor. A transistor in saturation mode acts like a short circuit between collector and emitter. In saturation mode both of the “diodes” in the transistor are forward biased. That means VBE must be greater than 0, and so must VBC. In other words, VB must be higher than both VE and VC.