What is the difference between a gene and an allele give an example?

For example, the gene responsible for the hair color trait has many alleles: an allele for brown hair, an allele for blonde hair, an allele for red hair, and so on. A gene is a portion of DNA that determines a certain trait. An allele is a specific form of a gene. Genes are responsible for the expression of traits.

What is the difference between a gene and an allele give an example?

For example, the gene responsible for the hair color trait has many alleles: an allele for brown hair, an allele for blonde hair, an allele for red hair, and so on. A gene is a portion of DNA that determines a certain trait. An allele is a specific form of a gene. Genes are responsible for the expression of traits.

What do you mean by alleles?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. Humans are called diploid organisms because they have two alleles at each genetic locus, with one allele inherited from each parent.

Do all genes have alleles?

Different versions of the same gene are called alleles. Genes can have two or more possible alleles. Individual humans have two alleles, or versions, of every gene.

How many genes do humans have?

Each chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes, which carry the instructions for making proteins. Each of the estimated 30,000 genes in the human genome makes an average of three proteins.

What is a gene Class 10?

A gene is defined as the unit of DNA responsible for the appearance of the inheritance of characters. These genes are present on chromosomes that are the long DNA molecules.

What is the relationship between alleles and genes?

Different versions of the same gene are called alleles. Genes can have two or more possible alleles. Individual humans have two alleles, or versions, of every gene. Because humans have two gene variants for each gene, we are known as diploid organisms.

Where is DNA located?

cell nucleus
Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use.

What is difference between DNA and gene?

DNA is the building blocks of genes that contain the coded instruction for building and maintaining a body. Genes are a portion of DNA that are tasked with making specific proteins that play a critical role in the structure and function of the body.

What are alleles Class 12?

An allele is an alternative form of a gene. It is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome. These can be passed on from parents to offspring through sexual reproduction.

What is gene Class 9 Ncert?

Genes are functional units of heredity as they are made of DNA. The chromosome is made of DNA containing many genes. Every gene comprises of the particular set of instructions for a particular function or protein-coding. Speaking in usual terms, genes are responsible for heredity.

What is the difference between an allele and a gene?

Difference Between Gene and Allele. Gene. Allele. A gene is a short sequence of DNA encoding for a certain trait. Alleles are different variants of a gene. Genes determine traits in an individual. Alleles are responsible for diverse features of a given trait. A gene can have many different alleles. An individual contains a pair of alleles for a

What is the relationship between genes and alleles?

Proteins. Proteins are probably the most important class of material in the body.

  • DNA. Genes consist of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
  • Dominant and recessive alleles. In diploid individuals,two identical or homozygous alleles express the same trait – the same structural protein or enzyme.
  • Are allele and Gene the same thing?

    These different variations of a particular gene are known as an allele. A gene essentially is a part of the DNA structure and it decides the genetic traits of all individuals. Alleles are the different variations of the same gene and they determine a single characteristic.

    How do alleles determine traits in genetics?

    Dominant and Recessive Alleles. Diploid organisms typically have two alleles for a trait. When allele pairs are the same,they are homozygous.

  • Multiple Alleles. While most genes exist in two allele forms,some have multiple alleles for a trait.
  • Polygenic Traits. Polygenic traits are traits that are determined by more than one gene.