What was General Jan C Smuts stated about holism?

Smuts defined holism as the “fundamental factor operative towards the creation of wholes in the universe.”

What was General Jan C Smuts stated about holism?

Smuts defined holism as the “fundamental factor operative towards the creation of wholes in the universe.”

In what year General Smuts introduced the academic terminology for holism?

The term ‘holism’ appeared in the literature sixty years ago with the publication of Jan Christiaan Smuts’s Holism and evolution (1926).

How does Gen Jan C Smuts introduced the academic terminology for holism?

The term holism was introduced by the South African statesman Jan Smuts in his 1926 book, Holism and Evolution. Smuts defined holism as “The tendency in nature to form wholes that are greater than the sum of the parts through creative evolution.” The idea has ancient roots.

Who is General Jan Smuts?

Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, OM, CH, DTD, ED, PC, KC, FRS (24 May 1870 – 11 September 1950) was a South African statesman, military leader and philosopher. In addition to holding various military and cabinet posts, he served as prime minister of the Union of South Africa from 1919 to 1924 and 1939 to 1948.

In what year did General Jan C Smuts wrote the book Holism and Evolution?

Holism as an inner evolving principle of direction and control in all Evolution is enough .. .’ (Smuts, 1926, pp. 318-319).

What is the concept of holism?

In psychology, holism is an approach to understanding the human mind and behavior that focuses on looking at things as a whole. It is often contrasted with reductionism, which instead tries to break things down into their smallest parts.

Who is the philosopher that introduced holism in metaphysics?

In philosophy, the principle of Holism (which comes from the Greek “holos” meaning “all” or “total”) was concisely summarized by Aristotle in his “Metaphysics”: “The whole is more than the sum of its parts”.

What is holism and reductionism?

Reductionism and holism are two different approaches in psychology that researchers use to create experiments and draw conclusions. Reductionism likes to divide explanations of behaviour into separate components, whilst holism likes to look at the picture as a whole.

Where did Jan Smuts live?

Early life and career. Jan Christian Smuts was born on a farm near Riebeeck West in the Cape Colony. His ancestors were mainly Dutch, with a small admixture of French and German but no English, though he was born a British subject.

Who was Smuts to Churchill?

Winston Churchill had met Jan Christian Smuts when he returned from the Boer War in 1900. Elected to Parliament at the end of that year, he never again visited South Africa. Yet that country was to play an important part in his life for the next fifty years.

Which fields are governed by union holism and relatedness?

The field of values is governed by union, holism, and relatedness. The area rules by skills are division, fragmentation and separation.

What are the five essential parts of holism?



Jan Christian Smuts and His Doctrine of Holism Francis Brush, The University of Denver, CO., U.S.A. 1. LIFE Jan Christian Smuts (1870-1950), statesman, soldier and life-long scholar, coined the term ‘Holism’ to designate his idea of ultimate reality. He was born near the cape of

Who is Jan Smuts in Gandhi?

Jan Smuts was born on May 24, 1870 in Malmesbury, Cape Colony as Jan Christiaan Smuts. He died on September 11, 1950 in Doornkloof, South Africa. Prime minister of South Africa (1919-1924, 1939-1948). Smuts is portrayed in the film Gandhi (1982) by playwright Athol Fugard.

How powerful was Jan Smuts in South Africa?

Although Botha was appointed prime minister of the new country, Smuts was given three key ministries: Interior, Mines, and Defence. Undeniably, Smuts was the second most powerful man in South Africa. To solidify their dominance of South African politics, the Afrikaners united to form the South African Party, a new pan-South African Afrikaner party.

Was Smuts a holist?

For Smuts Holism was the real, active cause of all processes in the universe and is inherent in it, not external to it. In his article on ‘Holism’ he says, ‘Eternity is contained in time, matteris the vesture and vehicle of the spirit, reality is not a transcendent or other